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What is Autism? Autism Questions & Answers

what is autism

So, what is autism?  

We hear a lot about it, but how do we define autism?

Autism is a developmental disability that affects how people communicate, interact socially, and respond to sensory stimuli. 

It often begins in early childhood and continues throughout life.

what is autism

What Causes Autism?

There is no one cause of autism.

However, there are some things that seem to run in families.

Researchers think that genetics play a role in the development of autism.

They also believe that environmental factors such as infections during pregnancy, certain medications, and nutritional deficiencies may contribute to the disorder.

The exact cause of autism is unknown.

Some researchers believe that genetic factors play a role in the disorder.

Others say that environmental factors, such as infections during pregnancy and certain medications, may be linked to autism.

Still others believe that nutritional deficiencies may be involved.
Autism affects 1 in 88 children in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

In fact, one in every 50 boys has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), which include Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder.

ASDs are characterized by problems with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors.

what is autism

Is There A Cure for Autism?

There is no cure for autism. 

However, early intervention and treatment can help children with autism develop language, social skills, and other areas of development. 

Early diagnosis and intervention also helps parents understand what their child needs and how to support them.

Autism affects one in every 88 people in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 

The CDC estimates that 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by age 8 years.

 In addition, ASD affects approximately 5% of preschoolers and 2% of school-aged children.

what is autism

Are There Treatments for Autism?


There are several different treatment options available for children with ASD.

One option is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), an evidence-based intervention that teaches children with ASD how to behave more appropriately in everyday situations.

ABA focuses on teaching skills such as self-help, eye contact, and following directions.

Another option is Social Skills Training (SST).

SST helps teach children with ASD how to interact with peers and adults.

It also teaches them how to manage their emotions and behaviors.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends early screening for ASD in infants and toddlers.

If your child has been diagnosed with ASD, talk to your doctor about what treatment options might be right for him or her.

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About Brewgirl

Hey there!  I'm Betsy.  Mom, RN, special education teacher and blogger at The Autism Daily Brew.  Working hard to bring you the best resources in autism.